Ginger can be expensive to purchase, and that's why growing your own is highly recommended. Indoor plants require high humidity; group houseplants together and add a cool steam vaporizer for extra moisture in the air. How to grow ornamental and edible ginger. Its fresh roots are used to enhance the taste of dishes. Ginger plants have long green leaves and stunning flowers and are great in tropical gardens. Ginger is usually grown from a rhizome (the part you eat) and is often grown in a container so it can be moved indoors easily when there is danger of frost. Contain it in large tubs or between solid barriers, such as the house and a sidewalk. If you live in Zone 8 and higher, you can grow ginger and turmeric in the garden. Common ginger (Zingiber officinale) is hardy in zones 9-12, but a few other varieties of ginger are hardy down to zone 7. 12 years ago. Sun and Soil Requirements. Ginger grows to between 2 and 4 feet tall, depending on the variety, and is hardy in the USDA Zones 8 through 12. For everyone else, bringing the plants indoors is a simple matter. Can Ginger Grow Outside? Ruth de Jauregui is an old-school graphic artist and writer who focuses primarily on garden topics. Learn How to grow Ginger in a pot, Growing Ginger … Commonly known as the peacock gingers (Kaempferias spp. Ginger plants include a large number of species in several genera in the Zingiberaceae family of plants, mostly tropical perennials originating in Southern and Southeast Asia. They start as a lime green with cream-colored flowers in mid-summer, and after the flowers fade, they mature to a vibrant red. If growing the ginger in pots, choose a pot at least 12 inches (30cm) deep. Turmeric is very worth growing for its incredible health benefits—and ginger? Select a location with partial or dappled shade and well-drained soil where the plant will be sheltered from high or cold winds. What Makes the Ends of Ginger Houseplant Leaves Turn Brown? After several months of growth, you can harvest fresh ginger from the growing plant by gently cutting and removing a part of the rhizome furthest from the shoots. They look healthy, but I didn't get any blooms last year, and they don't seem to be expanding very much. You can harvest ginger root after the plant dies down in winter, digging around the plant to cut off a piece of the older root. These deciduous gingers prefer moist, well-drained soils in shady locations in USDA zones 8 through 11. Really enjoyed it. The young root with shoots is the actively growing plant and should be left to resprout. Select one or two plump, firm rhizomes to root in your garden or in a wide, shallow flowerpot. The broad leaves are veined in silver. This year I've added the variegated shell ginger. The rhizomes must be lifted for the winter if you grow it in the colder climate zones. Shell ginger (Alpinia zerumbet), a native of Eastern Asia, grows outdoors in sunny and part-shade gardens in USDA zones 8 through 10. ‘Jungle Drum’ (Zingiber spectabile) is an unusual addition to the part-shade garden in USDA zones 8 through 10. Most gingers are native to Asia and are a staple in cooking. Grow These Plants for Fresh Sips All Season Long Raise the bar in your spring container garden and add fresh flavor to your favorite concoctions with these delicious, easy-to-grow ingredients. Ginger grows to between 2 and 4 feet tall, depending on the variety, and is hardy in the USDA Zones 8 through 12. It is an herbaceous perennial, meaning the leaves die down in autumn. When allowed to grow for two or more years, your ginger may produce cone-shaped, pale yellow flowers. A plastic pot is better than terra cotta, as long as you poke plenty of drainage holes in the base. Soak ginger roots purchased at the grocery store in water overnight to remove any growth retardant. This decorative ginger grows 4 to 5 feet tall in full and part sun. They do just fine despite my tendency to neglect them. ), these natives of tropical Asia include green-leaved and variegated species. The bracts begin with a light yellow base and have a pink top that matures to a dark pink. Growing 6 to 8 feet tall in partial shade, it produces beehive-shaped bracts with small speckled flowers peeking out. Ginger is a tropical plant. How to Grow Ginger Plant Indoors During the Winter, Missouri Botanical Garden: Zingiber Officinale, New England Today Living: How to Grow Ginger Indoors, Missouri Botanical Garden: Alpinia Zerumbet, Missouri Botanical Garden: Hedychium Coronarium, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Hedychium Coronarium Butterfly Ginger, University of Florida IFAS Fact Sheet: Peacock Ginger. Gardeners in Zones 7 and lower can nurture these rhizomes with a little extra work. The flowers feature yellow inside lips and red throats. Ginger is one of the most powerful and beneficial root plants you can buy, but what if you could have an endless supply grown right at home? Ginger needs mildly acidic soils for healthy growth of rhizomes. Plant horizontally with the buds facing up, 2 to 4 inches deep. This year, i will plant more, as we only planted 1 ginger, and it got used up pretty quickly. This year, I might try putting them in a tub outside and see how they do. The most well-known genus is Zingibar; its species include the common spice ginger, Zingibar officianale, also known as true ginger.But for ornamental purposes, several other genera offer better species. Space the rhizomes 6 to 8 inches apart. Many of the decorative ginger species have a ginger-like scent. Ginger thrives in zones 7 and higher. _____ (This article was originally published on August 3, 2018. Cut the rhizome into 1- to 2-inch sections, each with two or three buds. And that includes vegetable gardens, annual flowers, perennials, and even trees, shrubs and bushes as well. Ginger root is also available at garden centers, nurseries and online seed companies. Growing ginger in full sun can cause the plants to struggle and the leaves to turn brown at the tips. Butterfly ginger (Hedychium coronarium), also known as garland flower, white ginger lily and white garland-lily, is native to the Himalayas and is cultivated across the tropical regions of Asia. When growing outdoors, mulch to keep the soil evenly moist. . Ginger is a heavy feeder and an even heavier drinker that needs a lot of room to grow. The plants grow up to 1 foot tall, and they are equally wide and spread by rhizomes. If you want your ginger to bloom, you’ll have to leave it undisturbed in the ground or flowerpot. The lilac and white flowers appear in summer and bloom until fall. If you live in a warm climate (zone 7-10), plant Ginger in a sheltered spot that receives filtered sunlight. Ginger is a perennial herb that likes a warm, humid climate and filtered sunlight. 01 Feb 17, Eric Ackley (USA - Zone 9a climate) In the past, I have bought ginger at the grocery store. Disclosure. The leaves die back in winter and reappear in spring. 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She continues to write nonfiction articles on gardening and other topics and is working on a second "50" book about plants that attract hummingbirds. Like other members of Zingiber, edible ginger grows from rhizomes. Leave the rhizomes out to dry for a day or two. If you plan to grow shell ginger as a houseplant, consider planting the cultivar ‘Variegata,’ which is a smaller plant with variegated foliage. Hardy in USDA zones 8b through 11, it prefers full sun and part shade. It blooms in late summer with fragrant, orange-red flowers. Learn how to plant, grow, and care for Ginger with this planting guide at Easy to Grow Bulbs. Apart from its rhizomes, its stalks and flowers are also edible. The ginger family (Zingiberaceae) contains more than 50 genera and 1,500 species. She writes a weekly garden column and authored 50 Fabulous Tomatoes for Your Garden. Coming from East Asia, Japanese ginger is hardy in zone 4 and can grow up to 80 cm (31.5”) high. What ginger really doesn’t love is frost, direct sunlight, strong winds, and soggy or waterlogged soil. You can also mix well-weathered lava rock into the potting mix to increase drainage. What Kinds of Flowers Grow in Water Gardens? Possibly the best-known and showy cultivar of the Himalayan Ginger Lilies (Hedychium coccineum) is ‘Disney.’ Hardy in USDA zones 7b to 10b, the original imported rhizomes were reportedly planted at Disney World. Reply or Post a new comment 11 Nov 20, Jay Singh (South Africa - Semi-arid climate) If you live in a warm climate (zone 7-10), plant Ginger in a sheltered spot that receives filtered sunlight. If you want to grow ginger in Zone 5, you will need to plant it in a container and overwinter it indoors, since ginger plants are not frost hardy. Fertilize monthly with a balanced liquid fertilizer or apply a cup of compost tea weekly to feed the ginger plant. Plant several, and dig the root up when you want to use it, cut off a portion, and replant the rest. Have you ever tried growing this tasty item in your garden year-round?According to the USDA Hardiness Zones map, if the answer is “ Ginger is an herb grown for its roots, or more accurately the rhizomes that grow under the ground. Shampoo ginger (Zingiber zerumbet), also known as awapuhi and red pinecone ginger, thrives in shade gardens in USDA zones 8b to 11. Protected locations next to walls, large containers you can haul into your house, deep mulch—zone-pushing is possible! © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems (false stems made of the rolled bases of leaves) about one meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades. Stay tuned for the first newsletter in the morning, straight to your inbox. The best time to begin growing ginger from home is the early spring, after the last of the frost or if you live in the tropics, at the beginning of the wet season. This evergreen perennial grows 8- to 10-feet-tall in clumps. A Japanese ginger cultivar named ‘White Arrow’ can be distinguished from the species by its green and white lanceolate foliage. Ginger has been used in Asia for over two millennia to flavour food and drinks. They make a distinctive ground cover in light and dark shade in spring, summer and fall. Is patience the key? Once the ginger is actively growing, keep the soil consistently moist. The leaves turn a golden color before they die back in the fall. Go to the ginger page, set the climate zone to semi arid and read the whole article here about growing it. Consider growing ginger in containers if you live in zones 6 or below so that you can move the inside or under cover when temperatures go below 50°F. You can find the ginger rhizomes, usually called ginger root, in the grocery store. One thing is for sure, knowing your growing zone is extremely important for all types of gardening. While common ginger needs about 8-10 months of active growth to reach maturity, the roots can be harvested at any time. The rhizome is used fresh, frozen or dried and ground to add a spicy, indulgent flavor to numerous types of cuisine. Edible ginger (Zingiber officinale), also known as true ginger, is a staple in the kitchen. You could start this rejuvenation pruning when the leaves fall in the Fall (so you can easily see inside the shrub) and when the plant has gone dormant (less stress on the plant). If you live in zone 6 or lower, you’ll need to bring your ginger plant in for the winter, which means you will need to plant the ginger root in a pot. How Long Do Red Ginger Rhizomes Take to Grow? It produces shell pink tubular flowers that resemble seashells on the ends of the leafy stems. If the ginger plant has not yet germinated, soil temperatures must be warm — ideally between 71 and 77ºF (22–25ºC). In colder regions, Ginger would likely do best in full sun. The fragrant white flowers resemble butterflies floating above the large lance-shaped green leaves. Alternately, you can dig up the entire plant after eight to 10 months, harvest the rhizomes and replant a few for the next harvest. If available, growing ginger in a hoop hou… Harvesting Ginger. As a spice, its zesty flavor is used in many dishes, and is particularly common in Asian cuisine. Dig in 2 to 4 inches of well-decomposed compost to a depth of 8 to 12 inches. Ginger needs a sheltered spot, filtered sunlight, rich, moist soil, and warm, humid weather (hello, Florida). The plants grow 5 to 7 feet tall and produce large cone-shaped bracts. It will not grow outside year-round in USDA Hardiness Zones 8 and below. I've got some growing in full sun, others in partial sun, some in shade. If the soil is a heavy clay, add additional compost to the soil or build raised beds for your ginger bed. Under ideal conditions, it may spread enthusiastically in your garden. Colder regions will have to grow their ginger indoors, but you can have it out in the garden between zones 7 and 10. Ginger also does quite well with a hydroponic system. Boasting fragrant blooms, lush, glossy leaves and showy seed pods, ginger lily (Hedychium coronarium) is the epitome of an ornamental tropical flower. Historically, the sap was used by the Hawaiians as a shampoo and lotion. It has a hot, spicy taste without the burn of chilli and many health-giving properties, such as stimulating the heart, settling the stomach, and improving digestion and circulation. Ginger thrives best in warm, humid climates. The bottoms of the leaves are gray. Shell ginger (Alpinia zerumbet), a native of Eastern Asia, grows outdoors in sunny and part-shade gardens in USDA zones 8 through 10. Photo by iStock/BruceBlock. 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