It is also a very peculiar species, with many unique and remarkable characteristics. [11][34][38] The average weight for adults is 100 to 115 kg (220 to 254 lb). The symbolic meaning of the giant panda. The first Westerner known to have seen a living giant panda is the German zoologist Hugo Weigold, who purchased a cub in 1916. Pandas are an endangered species. It has black fur on its ears, eye patches, muzzle, legs, arms and shoulders. Yuan Zai (Chinese: 圓仔; pinyin: Yuánzǎi; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Îⁿ-á) is a female giant panda born at the Taipei Zoo on July 6, 2013. Even in 2013, the Encyclopædia Britannica still used "giant panda" or "panda bear" for the bear,[25] and simply "panda" for the red panda,[26] despite the popular usage of the word "panda" to refer to giant pandas. Now that our cub is growing into the pandas’ signature ‘plump,’ it is starting to regulate its own body temperature. Some linguists argue, in this construction, "bear" instead of "cat" is the base noun, making this name more grammatically and logically correct, which may have led to the popular choice despite official writings. [110], The giant panda is a vulnerable species, threatened by continued habitat loss and habitat fragmentation,[111] and by a very low birthrate, both in the wild and in captivity. National Zoo Asks for Public’s Help to Name Baby Giant Panda. During the summer months bamboo shoots rich in protein are only available at higher altitudes which causes low calcium rates in the pandas and during breeding season the pandas would trek back down to eat bamboo leaves rich in calcium. [33], The giant panda has luxuriant black-and-white fur. The panda is not special just because it is one of the most well known and charismatic animals on earth. In China, it is a national treasure, and for WWF the panda has a special significance since it has been the organization's symbol since 1961 when WWF was formed. Given this voluminous diet, the giant panda defecates up to 40 times a day. [11][12] A 2007 report showed 239 pandas living in captivity inside China and another 27 outside the country. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2017-08-17 Previous population surveys had used conventional methods to estimate the size of the wild panda population, but using a new method that analyzes DNA from panda droppings, scientists believe the wild population may be as large as 3,000. [17] In 2016, the IUCN reclassified the species from "endangered" to "vulnerable",[12] affirming decade-long efforts to save the panda. [105] One, named Grandma, only lasted a few days. The normal reproductive rate is considered to be one young every two years. [79], Initially, the primary method of breeding giant pandas in captivity was by artificial insemination, as they seemed to lose their interest in mating once they were captured. [95], Attempts have also been made to reproduce giant pandas by interspecific pregnancy by implanting cloned panda embryos into the uterus of an animal of another species. [93][94] Panda semen, which can be frozen for decades, could be shared between different zoos to save the species. In the 1990s, however, several laws (including gun control and the removal of resident humans from the reserves) helped their chances of survival. [citation needed] Another study had a 117.5 kg (259 lb) giant panda bite of 1298.9 newtons (BFQ 151.4) at canine teeth and 1815.9 newtons (BFQ 141.8) at carnassial teeth.[43]. [citation needed], The West first learned of the giant panda on 11 March 1869, when the French missionary Armand David[18] received a skin from a hunter. [99] The interpretation of the legendary fierce creature pixiu (貔貅) as referring to the giant panda is also common. [13] As of December 2014, 49 giant pandas lived in captivity outside China, living in 18 zoos in 13 different countries. [87] The father has no part in helping raise the cub. [73] Activity is also directly related to the amount of sunlight during colder days. Puzzled about the real zoological identity of the creature captured during the Yongle era, J.J.L. For other uses, see, "Panda" in Traditional (top) and Simplified (bottom) Chinese characters, However, few advances in the conservation of pandas were made at the time, owing to inexperience and insufficient knowledge of ecology. Usage Frequency: 1 [114][115][116], Not all conservationists agree that the money spent on conserving pandas is well spent. In the 1990s, however, several laws (including gun control and the removal of resident humans from the reserves) helped their chances of survival. [112] However, few advances in the conservation of pandas were made at the time, owing to inexperience and insufficient knowledge of ecology. Giant panda females, like Mei Xiang, ovulate for just 24 to 72 hours. [1] It is characterised by large, black patches around its eyes, over the ears, and across its round body. Wakayama’s Adventure World celebrates its 17th panda birth as the baby’s father breaks a record.. November 22 is also known as “Good Spouse Day” in Japan, and while they can’t get married, it was also a good day for a pair of giant panda mates in Wakayama Prefecture. [34][35] Males can weigh up to 160 kg (350 lb). Princeton's WordNet (0.00 / 0 votes) Rate this definition: giant panda, panda, ... (Kannada) 한국어 (Korean) עברית (Hebrew) Gaeilge (Irish) By 1984, however, pandas were no longer given as gifts. The giant panda has been a target of poaching by locals since ancient times and by foreigners since it was introduced to the West. Quality: Information and translations of pygmy giant panda in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries, located in the southwest province of Sichuan and covering seven natural reserves, were inscribed onto the World Heritage List in 2006. This program, based in the Wolong National Nature Reserve, allows volunteers to work up close with pandas cared for in captivity, and help them adapt to life in the wild, so that they may breed, and live longer and healthier lives. [30], A detailed study of the giant panda's genetic history from 2012[32] confirms that the separation of the Qinlin population occurred about 300,000 years ago, and reveals that the non-Qinlin population further diverged into two groups, named the Minshan and the Qionglai-Daxiangling-Xiaoxiangling-Liangshan group respectively, about 2,800 years ago. Learn more. This influenced the World Wildlife Fund to use a panda as its symbol. In 1963, the PRC government set up Wolong National Nature Reserve to save the declining panda population. [7] Giant pandas in the wild will occasionally eat other grasses, wild tubers, or even meat in the form of birds, rodents, or carrion. [96], In the past, pandas were thought to be rare and noble creatures – the Empress Dowager Bo was buried with a panda skull in her vault. 10. [45] Its range is currently confined to a small portion on the western edge of its historical range, which stretched through southern and eastern China, northern Myanmar, and northern Vietnam.[1]. Reference: Anonymous. [109], Microbes in panda waste are being investigated for their use in creating biofuels from bamboo and other plant materials. Giant pandas eat as much as 10 kg (22 lb) of bamboo a day. Not until the 1950s were pandas again recorded to have been exhibited in China's zoos. microta. We're part of Translated, so if you ever need professional translation services, then go checkout our main site, Usage Frequency: 2, Usage Frequency: 1. [40] The giant panda's thick, wooly coat keeps it warm in the cool forests of its habitat. [70] After mating, the male leaves the female alone to raise the cub. 10 Chinese Names for Male Pandas. Panda: Telugu Meaning: పాండా, పెద్ద జంతువు large black-and-white herbivorous mammal of bamboo forests of China and Tibet; in some classifications considered a member of the bear family or of a separate family Ailuropodidae / A small Asiatic mammal (Ailurus fulgens) having fine soft fur. Meaning of giant panda. The giant panda's tail, measuring 10 to 15 cm (4 to 6 in), is the second-longest in the bear family (the longest belongs to the sloth bear). However, when Ma Ying-jeou assumed the presidency in 2008, the offer was accepted, and the pandas arrived in December of that year. When the cub is first born, it is pink, blind, and toothless,[88] weighing only 90 to 130 g (3 1⁄4 to 4 1⁄2 oz), or about .mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap}1/800th of the mother's weight,[18] proportionally the smallest baby of any placental mammal. It's a favorite stuffed animal of many kids and more than a few adults. [97], The creature named mo (貘) mentioned in some ancient books has been interpreted as giant panda. While the dragon has often served as China's national symbol, internationally the giant panda has often filled this role. [48] Its genome contains 20 pairs of autosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes. [57] Large molars crush and grind fibrous plant material. Human translations with examples: ತುಮಕೂರು, ಪಾಂಡ ಕಾಡು ಪ್ರಾಣಿ, ಹೊಸ ವರ್ಷದ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ, ಪರಿಸರದ ಮೇಲೆ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ. Unlike many other animals in Ancient China, pandas were rarely thought to have medical uses. [97] The dictionary Shuowen Jiezi (Eastern Han Dynasty) says that the mo, from Shu (Sichuan), is bear-like, but yellow-and-black,[98] although the older Erya describes mo simply as a "white leopard". Despite its taxonomic classification as a carnivoran, the giant panda's diet is primarily herbivorous, consisting almost exclusively of bamboo. "[101], The comparative obscurity of the giant panda throughout most of China's history is illustrated by the fact that, despite there being a number of depictions of bears in Chinese art starting from its most ancient times, and the bamboo being one of the favorite subjects for Chinese painters, there are no known pre-20th-century artistic representations of giant pandas. Sub-adults weighing up to 50 kg (110 lb) may be vulnerable to predation by leopards. Mei Xiang has followed a similar pattern of behavior. Because of the destruction of their natural habitat, along with segregation caused by caging, reproduction of wild pandas was severely limited. The grandson of Emperor Taizong of Tang is said to have given Japan two pandas and a sheet of panda skin as a sign of goodwill. The panda, the oldest in … Zouyu is a legendary "righteous" animal, which, similarly to a qilin, only appears during the rule of a benevolent and sincere monarch. [91] The cub was born at 07:41 on 23 July that year in Sichuan as the third cub of You You, an 11-year-old. [16][69], Giant pandas reach sexual maturity between the ages of four and eight, and may be reproductive until age 20. In May 2005, China offered a breeding pair to Taiwan. visual changes The official theme for 2015 is Seven Billion Dreams. Meaning of pygmy giant panda. [40] The panda's skull shape is typical of durophagous carnivorans. 2. The Giant Panda Bear is an endangered species. Giant panda Zhaung Mei and her one year old cub Bao Bao climb a tree inside their enclosure at Bifengxia Giant panda base in Sichuan province, China October 24, 2015. It has a black and white coat that features large black patches around its eyes. [91][92] It is expected that zoos in destinations such as San Diego in the United States and Mexico City will now be able to provide their own semen to inseminate more giant pandas. [53] Each adult has a defined territory and a female is not tolerant of other females in her range. Last Update: 2015-11-14 The diet of a panda is made up almost entirely of bamboo. The Curious Natural History of the Giant Panda Family", "The first skull of the earliest giant panda", "Why does the giant panda eat bamboo? An animated movie from 2008 named ‘Kung Fu Panda’ features a giant panda called ‘Po’.