These are some of the most common and popular varieties of the holly tree, each with their unique characteristics, features and uses. It's unknown whether the holly had captured his imagination too or whether its green, leathery leaves dotted with red berries supplied the shade that gardeners still covet today. Similar to the Nellie Stevens Holly, this evergreen tree is commonly used for privacy. © Gregory Adams/Getty The delicate, radially symmetrical, white male flowers of American holly are arranged in small clusters at the leaf axils. Usage Requirements. Often called Christmas holly or evergreen holly, the tree has dark, thorny-leaved foliage and red berries. Planting American Holly Tree. These trees are highly tolerant of both drought and salt conditions. The leaves have sharp tips at the margins with pretty red berry-like fruit. Interesting facts about holly. Along with the tree bark, they were used to reduce the pain of broken bones. This plant has a number of other common names, including hummock holly, dune holly, and scrub holly. A traditional Christmas carol sets the tone: “The holly and the ivy, when they are both full grown, of all the trees that are in the wood, the holly wears the crown.”. These trees like regular and even moisture but they can also tolerate some flooding, occasional drought and … And bright red berries pop against deep green foliage during winter, and creamy white … Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w ----- Facts on the Holly Tree. Either way, the tree was long assumed to have magical powers, and people who hung holly in their homes were considered wise for providing a respite for sylvan spirits, according to My Farm Life. Select a location for American holly with partial to full sun. The bark is gray-white in color and may be splotched or warty. The American Holly is widely known as the hardiest broadleaf evergreen. The good news is that future growth should be fuller too. ', ‘Grace McCutchin' - A cultivar selected for its orange-red fruit. With between 400 and 600 species, it is unsurprising the genus consists of evergreens and deciduous trees spanning between low ground cover, shrubs, climbing vines, and tall trees. Selected by Theodore Klein from a plant growing in Cave Hill Cemetery in Louisville, Ky. The best cultivars are selected for bright fruit displays, attractive leaves and a dense habit. The somewhat taller American holly (I. opaca) has oblong prickly leaves and usually red fruits. It was said to be a favorite of George Washington, and more than a dozen Hollies planted by him are still in evidence today. Leaves are alternate, simple, thick, leathery, elliptical, 1½ to 3 inches long; wavy-edged with large, sharp, spine-tipped teeth; upper surface dark green, dull, smooth; lower surface paler green, smooth to somewhat hairy. The American Holly tree has been popular since the beginning of American history, having served Native Americans with wood for many different applications and berries that were used for buttons and barter. Delaware designated the American holly as the official state tree in 1939. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The dense branches of this holly grow nearly horizontal in a American Holly Trees can be trimmed as a foundation hedge or as a secure, tall privacy fence. Perhaps the most captivating belief about the American holly is the one that holds that the berries carry the power of fertility and that a young woman pining for a child could hurry nature's course by holding a handful of berries and saying an incantation. They are similar in appearance with spiny-toothed leaves and an abundance of red berries. The American holly is an evergreen tree with stout, stiff branches and spine-tipped leaves. American holly is a well known, dioecious shrub or tree that measures 90-300 cm. It is an attractive tree even though it does not fruit. in height. Information Sheet – American Holly (Ilex opaca) American Holly (Ilex opaca) is a medium-sized, broad-leaved evergreen tree that typically grows 20 to 30 feet tall and occasionally up to nearly 100 feet tall. The greatest diversity of species is found in the Americas and in Southeast Asia. These include bud moth, beetles, berry midge, whitefly, southern red mite, leaf spots, cankers, tar spot, bacterial blight, spot anthracnose, leaf rot, leaf drop, powdery mildew, twig die back, spine spot and leaf scorch. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. In spring, tiny white flowers float along the tree’s slender branches. The holly tree (Ilex opaca) is an evergreen featuring bright-red fruits and small, greenish-white flowers. Delaware designated American holly (Ilex opaca Aiton) as the official state tree in 1939. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or firstname.lastname@example.org. These trees are dark green, with foliage all year long. English holly and American holly are used as ornamental Christmas greens. An Equal Opportunity University. Other yellow-fruited cultivars include: ‘Canary,' ‘Longwood Gardens,' ‘Oakhill Yellow,' and ‘Morgan Gold. English holly (Ilex aquifolium) and American holly (Ilex opaca) are among the most commonly grown holly trees in the United States. The leaves of these and other holly species are used to make medicine. The dense foliage provides cover for small critters and the berries provide food for many birds. The Holly berry is recognized throughout much of the United States as a symbol of the Christmas season; however, the trees branches and berries were used in by Pagan druids who wore Holly leaves on their heads. This tree has a light grey trunk and leaves that are a shiny deep green on top and a … This is one of the Jersey hollies introduced by Dr. E. Orton from Rutgers University. Native specimens found throughout the Appalachian Mountains have been found to withstand temperatures of -10°F, while cultivated varieties have been naturalized in Ohio down to … The leaves of both species are similar in outline and toothed and bristled very much the same way, but the leaves are brighter in the American holly and larger. The greatest diversity of species is found in the Americas and in Southeast Asia. American Holly appears to be regionally adapted. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859 (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. This plant has a number of other common names, including hummock holly, dune holly, and scrub holly. It is also used for knife handles and black piano keys. And they require minimal care, growing in a variety of climates and resisting mildew, disease and insects. If you are interested in growing English hollies or just want a few more English holly facts, read on. Most types bear red or orange berries. But look high up in a holly tree canopy and you might notice the leaves are less spiny. ‘Jersey Knight' - A male cultivar with dark, shiny foliage. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. Holly Trees are the only genus remaining in the family Aquifoliaceae, the others going extinct. United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. Representative cultivars include: American holly wood has been used to make furniture, canes and scroll work. The American Holly is easy to identify. Other cultivars with this unique color include: ‘Lake City' and ‘Manig.'. Its prickly leaves are a dark green color. Holly is a diocecious plant – which means that it has separate male and female plants. Holly trees prosper when the soil is rich in organic matter, especially with a mulch that degrades and creates an acidic soil environment. Information Sheet – American Holly (Ilex opaca) American Holly (Ilex opaca) is a medium-sized, broad-leaved evergreen tree that typically grows 20 to 30 feet tall and occasionally up to nearly 100 feet tall. Other heavy-fruiting cultivars with good form include: ‘Amy,' ‘Cheerful,' ‘Merry Christmas,' ‘ Miss Helen,' ‘Old Heavy Berry,' ‘Parkton,' ‘Torchbearer,' and ‘William Paca.' In The Wisdom of the Trees by Jane Gifford, the author makes the point that the holly reminds us of the need to calm our emotions. The only difference between these two popular hollies is that the American Holly doesn’t grow as fast as the Nellie Stevens annually. The American Holly is widely known as the hardiest broadleaf evergreen. Crunching the leaves into a powdered state and brewing them in tea was thought to cure the measles, while the ashes were said to provide a salve for whooping cough. American holly trees are dioecious, so be sure to plant a male tree as well as a female to ensure fruit production. American holly trees can take all types of soil but prefer slightly acidic, good draining, sandy soil. It has thick, smooth, dark green, spiny leaves that are a … The American holly, called the evergreen or Christmas holly (Ilex opaca Aiton) was named the state tree of Delaware on 1 May 1939. The bark is gray-white in color and may be splotched or warty. In general, holly trees can grow between 6 and 18 m (20 and 60 feet) once fully mature, while holly shrubs can grow between 30 cm and 6 m (1 and 20 feet). American Holly American holly is the state tree of Delaware. Description of American holly: The American holly is extremely variable, both in the wild and in culture. State Tree: American Holly. American holly Aquifoliaceae Ilex opaca Aiton symbol: ILOP Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptical, 2 to 4 inches long, spiny toothed margin, thickened and leathery, shiny dark green above, much paler below. It was also believed that the flowers of holly could be used to turn water to ice. Because American holly is dioecious, male cultivars are also available. This tree has a light grey trunk and leaves that are a shiny deep green on top and a … In general, holly trees can grow between 6 and 18 m (20 and 60 feet) once fully mature, while holly shrubs can grow between 30 cm and 6 m (1 and 20 feet). Holly – more specifically the European holly, Ilex aquifolium – is commonly referenced at Christmas time, and is often referred to by the name Christ's thorn. Its trunk can be up to 40-80 cm. American holly is often used as a substitute for English holly (Ilex aquifolium) in Christmas decorations where the latter does not grow well. American Holly is an evergreen tree that may grow 40 to 60 feet tall. The American holly was named Delaware’s official tree in 1939 when the state was the leading exporter of holly Christmas wreaths. Offers for your Garden - https: //amzn.to/2InnD0w -- -- - facts on the holly tree has leathery leaves are... Are some of the American holly american holly tree facts has been used to make medicine easy capture. 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