In the English Channel 165 ships sank with much loss of life. 1580 Dover Straits earthquake of 1580: 1607 Bristol Channel floods, 1607: 20 January 1607 (possible tsunami) 1607 Flooding Lynmouth flooding, Devon: 1623-24 Famine England 1638 The Great Thunderstorm: Widecombe-in-the-Moor, Devon 1651-53 Famine Damage to the rest of the town though was surprisingly light. Shropshire. Are you certain this article is inappropriate? Kent was hit by a small earthquake on Saturday that brought down power lines and caused structural damage. The “London” earthquake of 1580, April 6. Windows cracked in the cathedral of Notre Dame at Pontoise, and blocks of stone dropped ominously from the vaulting. Earthquakes of magnitude 5 or higher occur about every eight years, the, (pp. 1580 Dover Straits earthquake Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare, the Dover Straits earthquake of 6 April 1580 appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. Its effects started to be felt in London at around six o'clock in the evening of 6 April 1 Conteining A generall doctrine of sundrie signes and wonders, specially Earthquakes both particular and generall: A discourse of the end of this world: A commemoration of our late Earthquake, the 6 of April, about 6 of the clocke in the evening 1580. There was the Dover Straits earthquake of 1580, and a violent shock across north Essex in 1692. In Hythe, Kent, Saltwood Castle — made famous as the site where the plot was hatched in December 1170 to assassinate Thomas Becket — was rendered uninhabitable until it was repaired in the 19th century. Some scientists have suggested that the 1580, 1776 and 1950 quakes are all linked to periodic tectonic activity that results in a tremor occurring in the Dover Straits approximately every 200 years. At Beauvais, the bells rang as though sounding the tocsin. 1580. between 5. and 6. of the clocke at night of the same day". March – Thomas Legge's Richardus Tertius, the first known history play performed in England, is acted at St John's College, Cambridge. [4]. Stones fell from buildings in Arras, Douai, Béthune and Rouen. This is one of the most celebrated of all British earthquakes, supposedly alluded to by Shakespeare in Romeo and Juliet. google_ad_slot = "4852765988"; It was centred at a depth of 7 km (4.3 mi), about 5 km (3 mi) south-east of Christchurch, which had previously been devastated by a magnitude 6.2 MW earthquake in February 2011. Magnitude 5 Earthquake (6 April 1580) affecting England and France, Mild earthquakes are quite common. Did you know... that the Dover Straits earthquake of 1580 raised tsunamis in the English Channel, flooding Calais and Boulogne? [10], Further from the coast, furniture danced on the floors and wine casks rolled off their stands. On 6 April 1580 a 5.8 magnitude earthquake occurred with its epicentre on the sea bed close to Calais. Musson, G. Neilson and P.W. The epicentre of this seismic event, the magnitude of which is estimated to have been about 6.0, has been located in the offshore continuation of the North Artois shear zone, a major Variscan tectonic structure that traverses the Dover Strait. It was an intraplate earthquake with a maximum perceived intensity of VII on the Mercalli intensity scale. Events. Source for much detail in this article. Indeed, many Puritans blamed the emerging theatre scene of the time in London, which was seen as the work of the Devil, as a cause of the quake. In Sandwich, St Mary’s resounded with a loud crack. Dover Straits area in 1382, 1580, 1776 and 1950. AHEAD European Archive of Historical EArthquake Data European Archive of Historical EArthquake Data. European Historical Earthquakes Archive: the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake. /* 160x600, created 12/31/07 */ The Channel Tunnel study proposed three possible locations, two south of Calais and one offshore. It fell during Easter week, an omen-filled connection that was not lost on the servant-poet James Yates, who wrote ten stanzas on the topic: Yates' poem was printed in 1582 in The Castell of Courtesy . Click here to discover what our members get... Upcoming Events. google_ad_height = 600; Before dawn the next morning, between 4 and 5 o'clock, further houses collapsed near Dover due to aftershocks, and a spate of further aftershocks was noticed in east Kent on 1–2 May. The earthquake is well recorded in contemporary documents, [6] including the "earthquake letter" from Gabriel Harvey to Edmund Spenser mocking popular and academic methods of accounting for the tremors. [3], A study undertaken during the design of the Channel Tunnel estimated the magnitude of the 1580 quake at 5.3–5.9 ML and its focal depth at 20–30 km, in the lower crust. Moment tensor solution (top left) calculated using UK and regional broadband data (right). [2] Being relatively deep, the quake was felt over a large area and it is not certain where the epicentre was located. The belfry of Notre Dame de Lorette and several buildings at Lille collapsed. The belfry of Notre Dame de Lorette and several buildings at Lille collapsed. Set forth in verse and prose, by Thomas Churchyard, gentleman. 1580 Dover Straits earthquake 1884 Colchester earthquake 1931 Dogger Bank earthquake 1990 Bishop's Castle earthquake 2008 Market Rasen earthquake. Peasants in the fields reported a low rumble and saw the ground roll in waves. Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare, [2] the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. Contemporary accounts describe a relative short quake that damaged church steeples and chimneys, and caused the bells at Westminster to ring. There were aftershocks. At Dover itself, a piece of the cliffs fell, and so did part of the castle wall. They form an important part of the macroseismic approach, i.e. A maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe) was assessed for several locations, though less intense shaking was observed at many other locations in Washington, Oregon, and British Columbia. Homepage. Fact 15: In the story, Juliet’s nurse refers to an earthquake that occurred 11 years ago which could have been a reference to the Dover Straits earthquake of 1580, which would date that particular moment in the story to 1591. June – England signs a commercial treaty with the Ottoman Empire. Historical Events for the Year 1580. Dover Straits earthquake of 1580 Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare, the Dover Straits earthquake of 6 April 1580 appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. On 6 April 1580, sometime around 6:00 PM, London was shaken by an earthquake that occurred in the Dover Straits. Author links open overlay panel G ... by the aftershocks and the spatial distribution of intensities show that the epicentre probably lay offshore in the Straits of Dover. Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles. The earlier two of these were two of the largest earthquakes to have affected Britain (magnitudes approaching 6), a recurrence of which could have considerable economic consequences. Fact 16: In Sir William Davenant’s 1662 adaptation of Romeo and Juliet, a woman finally played the role of Juliet. Burton. Article Id: Musson, G. Neilson and P.W. There was the Dover Straits earthquake of 1580, and a violent shock across north Essex in 1692. The 1580 earthquake was a magnitude of 5.5 to 6 on the Richter Scale and caused 'extensive damage in London', even though its epicentre was in the Dover Straits, Dr Musson told the British Science Festival. Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002. James Yates, "Verses written for a requisite remembrance of the earth quake which happened on Wednesday the 6. of April. They also contain important information on ground conditions at particular locations, the underlying geology, radiation pattern of the seismic waves, and the response of different types of buildings. List of earthquakes in the United Kingdom, List of natural disasters in Britain and Ireland, List of disasters in Great Britain and Ireland, approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) (estimate), The Varley reference above has a good summary of the authoritative Channel Tunnel study. Around 20 past 9 in the morning on April 22, 1884, Colchester was hit by a major quake. It measures the effects of an earthquake at a given location, distinguished from the earthquake's inherent force or strength as measured by seismic magnitude scales. At Sandwich a loud noise emanated from the Channel, as church arches cracked and the gable end of a transept fell at St Peter's Church. 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