Then, place your plant in a nicely lit window and water it well. You can keep your poinsettia healthy and vigorous throughout the holiday season with the right care. Ask the Expert: when do I need to prune my outdoor poinsettia’s? The poinsettia is not a poisonous plant. To keep the poinsettia in bloom as long as possible, maintain a temperature of 65 to 75 F during the day. Research has proven that the poinsettia is not lethal to humans or pets unless eaten in extremely large amounts. Besides the traditional red, you will find different colors to enjoy, including cream, yellow, and pink. Make sure to water the poinsettia whenever the surface of the soil feels dry. A poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) will grow into a large shrub if transplanted outdoors in warm areas of the U.S. The familiar red blooms have been joined by even flashier colors. If the plant stands in water, the roots will rot. The original Poinsettias were from Mexico, and they reached 2m plus in height. So please help me know how to protect them. The bright bracts are designed to attract insects to the tiny yellow flowers in their centers. Poinsettias need bright, but filtered light, away from strong sun and draughts. However, cold drafts, allowing the leaves to touch a cold window, or more importantly, lack of decent light, can injure the leaves and cause premature leaf drop. However, your poinsettia and all other houseplants should be kept out of the reach of small children and pets, since varying degrees of discomfort may be experienced if plant … 2 Be realistic about the plant's appearance. Lack of humidity during dry seasons, in particular, winter, is an ongoing houseplant problem. This range includes coastal areas of the Pacific Northwest, large swaths of California, southern Texas, and some areas of the Gulf Coast, as well as parts of … Caring for outdoor poinsettia plants is not very time consuming or intricate. June: Move the poinsettia outside, pot and all. June: Now, keeping your poinsettia in its pot, move it outside into a partially shaded location. Hybridizers have expanded the range of colors from the familiar red to pastel yellow and vibrant bicolors. Prepare the planting area well by digging in Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. Prevent this by regular trimming. Think of milkweed, another common Euphorbia. In June, prune the poinsettia again and continue fertilizing and watering lightly through the end of the summer. Be sure it drains well to avoid root rot. If you wish to keep your poinsettia through more than one season and force reblooming, follow these steps. Do not fertilize poinsettias during the blooming period. In one of the best cases of return on investment, Mike Doehl turned a $5 poinsettia bought at a Montreal store three years ago into a looming giant. The poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). Sign up for our newsletter. Poinsettia, or euphorbia pulcherrima are a traditional Christmas gift in both the Northern Hemisphere, where they flower during winter and in Australia. How to grow poinsettias in a garden Choose a spot in the garden that receives full sun to part shade that is sheltered from strong winds. When you are growing poinsettia plants outside, choose a spot with slightly acidic, well-draining soil. After your poinsettia drops its leaves, cut the stems back to 4 to 6 inches high and let it go somewhat dry between waterings. Give the plant a good watering, but don't flood or soak it — gravel in the bottom of the pot will help keep the roots dry. Water your poinsettia when the surface of the soil is dry to the touch. Growing a Poinsettia plant outdoors generally requires a minimum temperature of about 45°, but they grow best when night temperatures are about 60°. If you want to save your poinsettia and bring it to bloom again next year, you can follow the repotting and reblooming procedure. Be especially careful not to rub your eyes after touching the plants. 'Tri-Color' has bracts in red, white, and pink. Water in a sink, and let the excess water drain completely. A more likely problem to watch out for is contact dermatitis. Poinsettias can retain their color until March if they are not exposed to freezing temperatures. Dig the planting hole twice as wide and to the same depth as the root-ball. If your home tends to be dry and your poinsettia is in direct light, you will find yourself watering more frequently, but never water every day. If Euphorbia pulcherrima is the scientific name for these plants, one may well ask how their common name (which looks like it should … Keep it in a partially shaded location and maintain your watering and fertilizing schedule. Throughout the spring, you should aim to expose your poinsettia to lightly cooler temperatures, of between 13 °C to 18 °C (55 °F to 65 °F). The poinsettia is a tropical plant native to Mexico. Just be sure that cold temperatures in your area don’t drop below 45 degrees F. (7 C.). Continue the same watering and fertilizing … Wait until the outdoor temperatures at night are consistently 55 degrees F or above before you transplant it into the garden. He took the plant outside during the warm months and replanted it in a huge pot to allow it to grow. Euphorbia pulcherrima is a shrub or small tree, it is commonly grown as an indoor plant where it prefers good morning sun, the flowering poinsettia can be kept outside the range of colors from the familiar red to pastel yellow and vibrant bi-colors. December 29, 2008 by Jamie Jamison Adams 2 Comments. A wilted plant can be revived and salvaged, but it will take another season to improve its appearance. Plant Care For Poinsettias Planted Outside. Once the outside night time temperature is consistently above 10 °C, you should move your poinsettia outside to a bright, shaded location. Poinsettia is a plant that can be kept all year round. Poinsettia indoor plant. And how? Since the plant flowered naturally during the Christmas season, it became readily linked with the holiday. Many Americans only see poinsettia plants when they are wrapped in tinsel on the holiday table. Water your potted poinsettia when the soil starts getting dry and place it in a sunny location in your home, protected from air currents. If that’s your experience, it’s time you learned about growing poinsettia plants outside. Re-pot your plant in June and place it outside in indirect sunlight, and now is the time to fertilise your poinsettia again with a mixture of half recommended strength. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Because poinsettias have been forced into bloom, they need some extra care to keep them in bloom throughout the holidays. If you've ever seen a leggy poinsettia in bloom, with only a couple of sad looking leaves hanging on, it was probably exposed to temperatures that were too cool or to extreme shifts in temperature. For more information about poinsettia plants outdoors, read on. A loose, well-draining peat-based potting soil is best for your poinsettia. It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas floral displays. Poinsettia: Expert tips on caring for your poinsettia plant and extending its lifespan. Prep Your Poinsettia for Outdoors Once the holidays are over, turn your attention to poinsettia plant care that prepares the plant for its move outdoors. Poinsettia plants outdoors must have a sunny corner to call home, somewhere protected from harsh winds that can damage them quickly. Growing Poinsettias Outside. Plant taxonomy classifies Christmas poinsettias as Euphorbia pulcherrima, literally, "the most beautiful Euphorbia" (Euphorbia is not only a genus name but also the name of a large plant family). Poinsettia plants outdoors must have a sunny corner to call home, somewhere protected from harsh winds that can damage them quickly. Euphorbias, the plant family that includes poinsettias, exude a milky sap when broken. Be sure it drains well to avoid root rot. When you are growing poinsettia plants outside, choose a spot with slightly acidic, well-draining soil. Over-watering causes the most issues for poinsettia plants. Alternatively, use slow release pellets in spring. If your home is dry during the winter months, a humidifier or plant mister can help your plant stay hydrated. Water the plant whenever the surface feels dry to the touch. On the other hand, if you live somewhere where winters are mild, you might think of poinsettias as an outdoor option – they are considered hardy in Zones 9-11. They are also safe to put into the compost. The name poinsettia is derived from his name. Pinching back the tips of new growth creates a bushier plant, but the bracts themselves are smaller. July: In early July, pinch back each stem by about one inch. Wilting is a common cause of leaf drop. Many people buy poinsettia plants to decorate for Christmas and aren't sure how to care for them when the red leaves fall away. Give them enough sun, warmth, and water and your poinsettia will provide perfect seasonal color. If it gets too hot and dry, their growth might slow. Half of this plant's charm is its bright red foliage, so the brighter the bracts, the better. While it may be easier to buy new plants each year, it is possible to get them to rebloom the next season. Keep your Poinsettia plant near a sunny window where it will have the most available sunlight. Poinsettias are considered shrubs or small trees that can grow as tall as 13 feet. If you opt to use water soluble fertilizer, add it to the watering can every other week. Keep your poinsettias away from drafts and chilly air. Some stores sell poinsettias in cellophane cones that will protect the plant from wind damage, but if it’s bitterly cold outside, the bracts and leaves could still suffer. The poinsettia was introduced to the United States in 1825 by Joel Poinsett, the first U.S. ambassador to Mexico. It is native to Mexico, and they need a warm climate … Poinsettia plants (Euphorbia pulcherrima) remain one of the most popular holiday flowers. Make sure the container has a hole in the bottom. Symmetry will make for a more attractive display. Getting a poinsettia to rebloom is not an easy process, so don't be disheartened if you don't have success your first try. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 10 Top Outdoor Garden Plants That Thrive Indoors, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins. They are grown especially for the Christmas market in Australia under controlled conditions. Known as Christmas Stars, the Poinsettia is a staple Christmas plant for the home. Traditionally grown as a potted plant, over time the plant grows 3 to 10 feet tall and 3 to 7 feet wide. Once you see green shoots in spring, start a regular watering and feeding program. In the right climate and with the right planting location and care, these bright Christmas favorites can shoot up to 10-foot (3 m.) shrubs in rapid order. When you start planting poinsettia outdoors, you’ll have to find a location with similar attributes. 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