They are also prone to a few pests such as the Bronze Birch Borer and Asian Longhorn beetle. Narrowly conical habit. Hard pruning is typically not ideal for the Downy Birch as it tends to ruin its aesthetically elegant shape. Although slow to awaken in spring, by late…, Volunteer to help wildlife in your local area. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. BETULA PUBESCENS – Downy Birch Characteristics Many people find it difficult to distinguish between Betula pendula – Silver Birch and Betula pubescens – Downy Birch, particularly when they are young. Downy birch wood is tough and durable, making it ideal for use in furniture. Found throughout Europe downy birch grows more commonly in wet soil such as peat bogs and clay than silver birch. It is hardy to zone (UK) 1. Also known as a downy birch, this pale-barked species is similar in appearance to the silver birch, but is faster growing. The edge of the leaf is coarsely toothed. There are a few differences thankfully which make it a bit easier to figure out which one is which! There are two widely-planted, alien species - Himalayan birch and paper-bark birch; there's dwarf birch, native and found mostly in northern Scotland; and there's the native silver birch, common across Britain and Ireland. Pruning and Pruning Qualities: Downy Birches only require little pruning as they naturally form a well-shaped and attractive crown. Birch woodland helps to curate an ideal environment for grasses and mosses due to their light canopy, as well as helping to provide a habitat and food source for hundreds of insects. Old trees often develop nest-like bunches of twigs (witch's-brooms) caused by a gall-forming fungus. The bark is dark red-brown to blackish, and smooth. Planted Downy Birch are more susceptible to Birch dieback, a disease caused by the pathogenic Fungi Marssonia betulae and Anisogramma virgultorum. It has serrate leaves, not doubly serrate like silver birch. Look out for: bark which is grey-white, and triangular-shaped leaves. Like silver birch, downy birch is a source of food for over 200 species of wildlife including several kinds of moth. Its dark leaves during the summer turn a scorching golden-yellow in autumn. A variety of birds also eat their seeds. Click the button to search our database today! Hard pruning is typically not ideal for the Downy Birch as it tends to ruin its aesthetically elegant shape. A spindly tree of heathland and moorlands, and dry and sandy soils, the Silver birch is well known for its paper-thin, white bark. Downy birch holds medicinal qualities as well. Male catkins typically from between April and May in groups of two to four. Form: Narrowly conical and typically forms a light canopy. Many of the birch trees that we see in the countryside in Britain and Ireland are not true Silver Birches but hybrids between Betula pendula and the Downy Birch Betula pubescens. Registered charity number 207238. Its bark remains smooth right down to the base making it very popular for it’s unique looks. The downy birch has oval leaves that are rounded or triangular at the base. Product Description. Bark of an old Silver Birch . A variety of birds also eat their seeds. In autumn, the small seeds are released and then proceed to get carried away by the wind. Bark. Close, ) is a UK-native deciduous tree that can commonly be confused with the. Following on from our previous research into the prehistoric aceramic distillation and production of birch bark tar, this series of exploratory experiments investigated the use of raised structures within a fire. Silver birch has hairless and warty shoots whereas downy birch shoots are covered in small downy hairs. Betula Pubescens Common White Birch Trees Betula Pubescens also known as the Common White Birch or Downy Birch, is a resilient, highly-decorative variety.The excellent foliage and the pronounced white bark are all the more distinctive in these mature trees we offer (from 2.5 M tall) making this tree ideally suited to be grown as a focal point. Bark: Bark is grey-white with a … It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Opportunities range from community gardening, species surveying, caring for nature…, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. Additionally, Birches have a range of fungi associated with them including Fly Agaric, Birch Milk Cap and Birch Brittle Gill, to name a few. Click the button to claim your free listing and see our other membership options today! Narrowly conical and typically forms a light canopy. But the healing properties don’t end there. They are a rich green colour and have downy leaf stalks. Celtics believed that the Birch tree symbolised renewal and purification, which is why gardeners today still use Downy Birches to help purify their gardens. Six well-stocked, unthinned downy birch (Betula pubescens (Ehrh.» stands in Cos Wexford, Laois, Wicklow, Offaly and Westmeath were selected for study. This tree is a source of food and lodge material for the common North American beaver. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Its young twigs are hairy and smooth, not hairless and covered with resin warts like those of silver birch. Both the Downy (B. pubescens) and Silver Birch (B. pendula) have white to silver bark in maturity. It is a deciduous tree growing to 10 to 20 m (33 to 66 ft) tall (rarely to 27 m), with a slender crown and a trunk up to 70 cm (28 in) (exceptionally 1 m) in diameter, with smooth but dull grey-white bark finely marked with dark horizontal lenticels. Like most trees, you should also remove any dead or diseased branches, as well as any congested or crossed branches to help reduce the risk of disease. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Contact Dermatitis. Their leaves are attractive to aphids which draw in other insects while also providing a food source for a variety of caterpillar moth species and ladybirds. Both have triangular leaves, slender twigs and peeling bark. Birch is POSSIBLY SAFE for most adults when taken by mouth or applied to the skin for short periods of time.. Special Precautions & Warnings: Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking birch if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.Stay on the safe side and avoid use. Like all Birch, this tree has an attractive bark which is a dull white and peels with age, it is distinguishable from Betula pendula in that it is duller in colour and does not exhibit the dark diamond shaped cracks on the bark. Introduction: The Downy Birch (Betula pubescens) is a UK-native deciduous tree that can commonly be confused with the Silver Birch. In spring, the male catkins (or 'lamb's tails') turn yellow and shed their pollen, which is carried by the wind to the short, green, female catkins that appear on the same tree. Forms a medium-sized tree, with a light canopy. It is so-called for the hairy stalks from which its leaves grow; the Silver Birch is hairless. In Britain, the two main species of birch are Betula pendula (silver birch) and Betula pubescens (downy birch). Downy Birch, bark, Lower Saxony, Germany / (Betula pubescens) Frost and snow-covered mountain Birch, Betula pubescens, forest. Bark of a young Silver Birch . see more; Family Betulaceae . Buds: The buds of a Downy Birch are brown-green, small and narrowly taper to a point. It also prefers damper environments, being found on bogs, and tolerates shadier conditions. Fortunately, it seems that removing the bark of downy birch does not kill the tree. Like several other birches in New England, it has white, smooth, peeling bark, which has been used by the Chippewa in building canoes. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The buds of a Downy Birch are brown-green, small and narrowly taper to a point. The leaf margins also differ, finely serrated in Downy Birch, coarsely double-toothed in Silver Birch. Are you looking for a professional in your area to help you? Are you a tree surgeon? They are long and yellowy-brown. More information. Identified in winter by: bark is white all year round and twigs are softly hairy to the touch. Where to find downy birch. They are also considered to be a symbolism of love and fertility. Other common names for this tree include western birch, red birch, river birch, black birch, and western red birch. Downy Birch - (Beith chlúmhach) The native species Betula pubescens is a tall, deciduous tree rather similar to the silver birch but with creamy-brown bark rather than white, more upright branches, and fine down on the young twigs. Downy birch is one of the ingredients in Byron's Gin but it isn't the only species of birch which grows in Britain and Ireland. A spindly tree of heathland and moorlands, and damp soils, the Downy birch is well known for its paper-thin, white bark. Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring . Downy birch is native to Europe but has naturalized in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, and Vermont. The Downy Birch or Common White Birch, Betula pubescens, is an upright native tree with pale grey mature bark.It grows in any soil apart from chalk and especially likes damp sites. Once the female catkins get pollinated by the wind, they tend to thicken and darken to a deep wine-red. Buds: The buds of a Downy Birch are brown-green, small and narrowly taper to a point. Downy birch tree (Betula pubescens) felled by Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) within a large wet woodland stream enclosure, Devon, UK, March. Silver Birch: Slender tree, drooping twigs. Female catkins, however, are green, a lot shorter and lay upright. It has good autumn colour and its leaves support several species of butterfly caterpillar. The leaves of a Downy Birch are digitate with a rounder base and serrate edge. This chapter presents clinical and pre‐clinical evidence, indications, mechanisms of action, potential interactions, contraindications, and possible adverse effects of Birch, Silver and Downy (Betula pendula Roth).Topical preparations made from birch leaf or bark extracts are traditionally used to treat inflammation and in the alleviation of pain in rheumatism. They can also grow on damper soil. Downy Birch and Silver Birch are difficult to identify between. Meyer-Hoffert U, Brasch J. Allergic contact dermatitis caused by betulin-containing triterpene extract from the outer bark of birch (Betula alba). Downy Birch (also known as White Birch, European White Birch or Hairy Birch) is a species of birch, native and abundant throughout northern Europe, Iceland, northern Asia and also Greenland. The Arboricultural Hub Worth Taking a Leaf From. It is…, These wild, open landscapes stretch over large areas and are most often found in uplands. Downy Birch leaves and catkins . Birch woodland helps to curate an ideal environment for grasses and mosses due to their light canopy, as well as helping to provide a habitat and food source for hundreds of insects. Bark: Bark is grey-white with a brown tint and horizontal grooves. They are a rich green colour and have downy leaf stalks. Their leaves are attractive to aphids which draw in other insects while also providing a food source for a variety of caterpillar moth species and ladybirds. It seems that downy birch also acts as an anti-inflammatory, and as a way to treat fever. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. 2013;68(6):382-3. As the common name suggests, the Downy Birch, has downy shoots and small ovate leaves which have a serrated edge. Facts. People sometimes use the bark of this tree as an astringent or as a diuretic. Downy Birches are monoecious meaning that have both male and female catkins on the same tree. Like most trees, you should also remove any dead or diseased branches, as well as any congested or crossed branches to help reduce the risk of disease. Betula pubescens is commonly known as downy birch, with other common names including moor birch, white birch, European white birch or hairy birch. Leaves with slender point, sharp-toothed with regularly-spaced longer teeth. Its range extends into Siberia, China, and southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Iran. Both have striking white bark and triangular shaped leaves. White bark with dark ridges and cracks. However, the bark of the Silver Birch will have a whiter appearance and black fissures (often near the base), Downy Birch has a more grey, smoother bark in maturity. Twigs with whitish raised glands, twigs and leaves not downy. Both can get to 20m (65ft) have silvery white bark and a similar shaped leaf. Leaves: The leaves of a Downy Birch are digitate with a rounder base and serrate edge. The Downy birch is a small, spindly tree with thin branches and papery bark. Downy / Common White Birch Trees. View abstract. Ideally, the Downy Birch should be pruned in late summer to early autumn as to reduce the risk of bleeding sap which can cause for pests or diseases to infiltrate the tree. Bark is grey-white with a brown tint and horizontal grooves. These field-based experiments were conducted using sand, gravel, wood fuel, and bark from Betula pubescens (downy birch). . They have been here since the end of the last Ice Age, quickly moving into newly-exposed areas and colonising them with their wind-blown seeds. The bark of the Downy Birch is a dull greyish white, whereas the Silver Birch has striking white papery bark with black fissures. . Downy Birches only require little pruning as they naturally form a well-shaped and attractive crown. bark of birch tree texture background surreal shaped symmetrical kaleidoscope - downy birch tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images mountain landscape in autumn with cairn and footpath, hemsedal buskerud- norway - downy birch tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Downy birch, also known as white birch, is a very variable tree. In autumn, the small seeds are released and then proceed to get carried away by the wind. Downy birch is more upright than silver birch and the bark is browner in colour with more obvious horizontal grooves and lacking the papery quality of the silver birch. Betula Pubescens (Downey Birch)– Commonly known as downy birch, moor birch or at times even white birch, is a deciduous tree growing up to 10-20meters.It boasts a tall, slender trunk and crown with dull white-grey bark, meaning that the downy birch is often mistaken for its close relative, the silver birch. They are also prone to a few pests such as the Bronze Birch Borer and Asian Longhorn beetle. Downy Birch is a lovely tree and often gets mixed up with Silver Birch. They are a rich green colour and have downy leaf stalks. Silver Birch leaves and female catkins . Identified in winter by: bark which is white all year round and twigs that are softly hairy to the touch. The shoots are grey-brown with fine downy. Leaves: The leaves of a Downy Birch are digitate with a rounder base and serrate edge. The bark on mature trees is silvery to the base. However, naturally formed Downy Birch appears to be more resistant to it. Once the female catkins get pollinated by the wind, they tend to thicken and darken to a deep wine-red. The fourth of the 22 gin botanicals, birch tree is ancient and is believed to derive from the Sanskrit bhurga, “a tree whose bark is used for writing upon”, and indeed it’s bark can be separated into several fine layers and was used in place of parchment, particularly in medieval Russia. Bands of fine, white lenticels contrast beautifully. Ideally, the Downy Birch should be pruned in late summer to early autumn as to reduce the risk of bleeding sap which can cause for pests or diseases to infiltrate the tree. Betula pubescens is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. Female catkins, however, are green, a lot shorter and lay upright. Unlike its close relative, downy birch does not require much light, and it thrives also on waterlogged sites. Commonly planted in cities, grown as specimen trees and found in woodlands. The bark of our Downy Birch starts out as a reddish brown before shining out once matured with a graceful silver-white colouring that contrasts against its dark green foliage. The leavesare ovate-acute, 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) long and 1.5 to 4.5 cm (0.6 t… Unlike other birch trees, its bark does not peel. ... With arguably the darkest bark of all, this Himalayan birch looks as if it’s sculpted from smooth, dark chocolate. Additionally, Birches have a range of fungi associated with them including, Planted Downy Birch are more susceptible to Birch dieback, a disease caused by the pathogenic Fungi. True to its species name, its twigs are covered in short, stiff hairs. 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